Electric Bikes, Vehicles, & Infrastructure

  1. Electric Vehicles (EVs)
  2. Electric Bikes 
  3. Local Charging Stations
  4. Local, State, & Federal Incentives
  5. FAQ

Types of Electric Vehicles 

An electric vehicle (EV) is a car that is propelled by one or more electric motors, using energy typically stored in rechargeable batteries. Almost every car manufacturer on the market now sells electric vehicles. While the City of Arcata does not recommend one manufacturer over the other, we encourage potential consumers to do their research on individual makes and models. 

Currently, there are four main types of EVs on the market. 

Battery Electric Vehicle (BEV) A battery electric vehicle operates entirely on electricity and needs to be plugged in to be recharged. They derive all power from battery packs and have no internal combustion engine or fuel tank.
Standard Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV)Hybrid vehicles are powered by both a gasoline engine and one or more electric motors. The electric motor is charged as the vehicle drives, so the vehicle is powered ultimately by gasoline and cannot be plugged in.
Plug-in Electric Hybrid Vehicle (PHEV)A plug-in hybrid is powered by an electric motor that has enough range for a daily commute. It also has a conventional gasoline engine to extend the vehicle range. PHEVs can be plugged in to be recharged.
Hydrogen Fuel Cell Vehicle (FCEV) A hydrogen fuel cell vehicle runs on an electric motor that is powered through a chemical reaction between hydrogen and oxygen. FCEVs must be refueled with liquid hydrogen.